Online submission

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Generally manuscripts should be prepared according to the following:


Name, affiliation (institution) of the author(s), city, zip code, country, and email address of the author(s) should be given.


The abstract should include four sections as Objective, Methods, Results, and Conclusion and have no more than 300 words summarizing the most important points in the article.

Key words:

Two or more key words/phrases for cross-indexing this article should be provided.


The main text should contain Introduction, Methods (Materials or Patients), Results, and Discussion. The text should comment on, but should not repeat, the details given in tables, figures or captions. Any acknowledgments should be made at the end of the main text.

The Introduction section should explain the problem which is to be addressed, with a definition of the hypothesis to be examined if appropriate, out-lining, briefly, its relevance to the appropriate literature.

In the Methods section, the subjects of the study and the methods employed in the investigation must be clearly described. For example, the reasons for examining the particular group of patients should be made clear, and reasons for exclusion of individuals from the study must be stated. Any group used as controls must be defined accurately. Ethical approval of studies and informed consent are required and should be described in this section.

The results must be clearly expressed in simple language. Tables or similar diagrams can be used but must not duplicate materials already described in the text.

The discussion must be succinct, pointing out the relevance of the work described in the article and its contribution to current knowledge.

Tables and figures should be self-explanatory and must be numbered with Arabic numbers in consecutive order. Each table has a short descriptive heading and places explanatory matters in footnotes. The lettering on figures should be large enough to be clear after it has been reduced for printing and be consistent in size and style. Color will be accepted only where it is essential.

The references should include only those that are important and have been studied fully by the authors. Authors are responsible for the accuracy and completeness of the cited references and for correct citation in the text. References follow the Vancouver format. In references, the names of journals should be abbreviated according to Index Medicus (List all authors and/or editors up to 3; if more than 3, list the first 3 and et al.). The references cited should be represented in the text by superscript numbers in the order of their appearance. The list of references at the end of the text should be in this numerical order with details and punctuation as follows:

Article from journal

Shang AD, Lu YQ. A case report of severe paraquat poisoning in an HIV-positive patient: an unexpected outcome and inspiration. Medicine (Baltimore) 2015; 94: e587.

Ikeda H, Imamura H, Agawa Y, et al. Onyx extravasation during embolization of a brain arteriovenous malformation. Interv Neuroradiol 2017; 23: 200-205.

Monographic series

Davidoff RA. Migraine: manifestations, pathogenesis, and management. Philadelphia, Pa: FA Davis; 1995. Contemporary Neurology Series, No. 42.

Online journals with volume and page information

Simon JA, Hudes ES. Relationship of ascorbic acid to blood lead levels. JAMA 1999; 281: 2289-2293. Accessed June 11, 2017.

Online journals without volume and page information

Verschuur EM, Steyerberg EW, Tilanus HW, et al. Nurse-led follow-up of patients after oesophageal or gastric cardia cancer surgery: a randomised trial. Br J Cancer 2008 Dec 9. doi: 10.1038/sj.bjc.6604811

Online website

Morse SS. Factors in the emergence of infectious diseases. Emerg Infect Dis [serial online] 1995 Jan-Mar [cited 2017 Jun 5]; 1(1): [24 screens]. Available from:

Book—more than one author (list all authors if 3 or less, otherwise list first 3 followed by et al.)

Baselt RC, Cravey RH. Disposition of Toxic Drugs and Chemicals in Man, 4th ed. Foster City, CA: Chemical Toxicology Institute; 1995.

Chapter from a book

Calne RY. Experimental background. In: Calne RY, Ed. Liver Transplantation, 2nd ed. London: Grune & stratton; 1987: 3-7.

Book—with editors

Maddrey WC, Ed. Transplantation of the Liver. New York: Elsevier Science Publishing; 1998.

Conflicts of interest

Author(s) must declare all conflicts of interest.

Copyright protection

Each submission must be accompanied by a letter of copyright transfer signed by all the authors and other relevant documents including informed consent obtained from research subjects and research approval from the supervising or institutional ethics bodies.